Azure IoT Hub nRF24L01 Windows 10 IoT Core Field Gateway

This project is now live on Hackster.IO and github.com with sample *duino, Devduino and Netduino clients. While building the AdaFruit.IO field gateway, Azure IOT Hub field gateways and sample clients I changed the structure of the message payload and spent a bit of time removing non-core functionality and code.

The diagnostics logging code was refactored several times and after reading this reference on docs.Microsoft.com I settled on the published approach.

I considered using the built in Universal Windows Platform (UWP) application data class but this would have made configuration in the field hard for most of the targeted users school students & IT departments.

I have the application running at my house and it has proved pretty robust, last week I though it had crashed because the telemetry data stopped for about 20 minutes. I had a look at the Device portal and it was because Windows 10 IoT core had downloaded some updates, applied them and then rebooted automatically (as configured).

I put a socket on the Raspberry PI nRF24L01 Shield rather than soldering the module to the board so that I could compare the performance of the Low and High power modules. The antenna end of the high power module tends to droop so I put a small piece of plastic foam underneath to prop them up.

I had code to generate an empty JSON configuration but I removed that as it added complexity compared to putting a sample in the github repository.

I considered using a binary format (the nRF24L01 max message length is 32 bytes) but the code required to make it sufficiently flexible rapidly got out of hand and as most of my devices didn’t have a lot of sensors (battery/solar powered *duinos) and it wasn’t a major hassle to send another message so I removed it.

I need to tidy up the project and remove the unused Visual Assets and have a look at the automated update support.

Wireless field gateway Netduino client V1

This client is a Netduino V2Plus/V3 Ethernet/V3 Wifi device with a Silicon Labs SI7005 temperature & humidity sensor. These devices when used as sensor nodes can be battery powered and I use the Mac Address as the unique device identifier.

Reducing the power consumption, improving reliability etc. will be covered in future posts

//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Copyright (c) 2017, devMobile Software
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.
//---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;
using Microsoft.SPOT;
using Microsoft.SPOT.Hardware;
using Microsoft.SPOT.Net.NetworkInformation;
using devMobile.NetMF.Sensor;
using Gralin.NETMF.Nordic;
using SecretLabs.NETMF.Hardware.Netduino;

namespace devMobile.IoT.FIeldGateway.Netduino.Client
{
   class Client
   {
      private const byte nRF24Channel = 10;
      private const NRFDataRate nRF24DataRate = NRFDataRate.DR250kbps;
      private readonly byte[] nRF24ClientAddress = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("TandH");
      private readonly byte[] nRF24BaseStationAddress = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("Base1");
      private static byte[] deviceIdentifier;
      private readonly OutputPort led = new OutputPort(Pins.ONBOARD_LED, false);
      private readonly NRF24L01Plus radio;
      private readonly SiliconLabsSI7005 sensor = new SiliconLabsSI7005();

      public Client()
      {
         radio = new NRF24L01Plus();
      }

      public void Run()
      {
         // Configure the nRF24 hardware
         radio.OnDataReceived += OnReceive;
         radio.OnTransmitFailed += OnSendFailure;
         radio.OnTransmitSuccess += OnSendSuccess;

         radio.Initialize(SPI.SPI_module.SPI1, Pins.GPIO_PIN_D7, Pins.GPIO_PIN_D3, Pins.GPIO_PIN_D2);
         radio.Configure(nRF24ClientAddress, nRF24Channel, nRF24DataRate);
         radio.Enable();

         // Setup the device unique identifer, in this case the hardware MacAddress
         deviceIdentifier = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces()[0].PhysicalAddress;
         Debug.Print(" Device Identifier : " + BytesToHexString(deviceIdentifier));

         Timer humidityAndtemperatureUpdates = new Timer(HumidityAndTemperatureTimerProc, null, 15000, 15000);

         Thread.Sleep(Timeout.Infinite);
      }

      private void HumidityAndTemperatureTimerProc(object state)
      {
         led.Write(true);

         double humidity = sensor.Humidity();
         double temperature = sensor.Temperature();

         Debug.Print("H:" + humidity.ToString("F1") + " T:" + temperature.ToString("F1"));
         string values = "T " + temperature.ToString("F1") + ",H " + humidity.ToString("F0");

         // Stuff the 2 byte header ( payload type & deviceIdentifierLength ) + deviceIdentifier into payload
         byte[] payload = new byte[1 + 1 + deviceIdentifier.Length + values.Length];
         payload[0] = 1;
         payload[1] = (byte)deviceIdentifier.Length;
         Array.Copy(deviceIdentifier, 0, payload, 2, deviceIdentifier.Length);

         Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes( values, 0, values.Length, payload, 8 ) ;

         radio.SendTo(nRF24BaseStationAddress, payload );
      }

      private void OnSendSuccess()
      {
         led.Write(false);

         Debug.Print("Send Success!");
      }

      private void OnSendFailure()
      {
         Debug.Print("Send failed!");
      }

      private void OnReceive(byte[] data)
      {
         led.Write(!led.Read());

         string message = new String(Encoding.UTF8.GetChars(data));

         Debug.Print("Receive " + message); ;
      }

      private static string BytesToHexString(byte[] bytes)
      {
         string hexString = string.Empty;

         // Create a character array for hexidecimal conversion.
         const string hexChars = "0123456789ABCDEF";

         // Loop through the bytes.
         for (byte b = 0; b < bytes.Length; b++)          {             if (b > 0)
               hexString += "-";

            // Grab the top 4 bits and append the hex equivalent to the return string.
            hexString += hexChars[bytes[b] >> 4];

            // Mask off the upper 4 bits to get the rest of it.
            hexString += hexChars[bytes[b] & 0x0F];
         }

         return hexString;
      }
   }

.Net Micro framework Deployment Tool output

WindowsIoTCentralNetduinoClient

Raspberry PI UWP application output

Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
11:40:46 Address 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D Length 6 Payload T 25.2,H 90 Length 11
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-T Value 25.2
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-H Value 90
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
11:41:01 Address 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D Length 6 Payload T 25.3,H 91 Length 11
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-T Value 25.3
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-H Value 91
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
11:41:16 Address 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D Length 6 Payload T 25.3,H 90 Length 11
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-T Value 25.3
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-H Value 90
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
11:41:31 Address 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D Length 6 Payload T 25.3,H 90 Length 11
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-T Value 25.3
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-H Value 90
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
11:41:46 Address 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D Length 6 Payload T 25.3,H 90 Length 11
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-T Value 25.3
 Sensor 5C-86-4A-00-E4-1D-H Value 90
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge

Bill of materials (prices as at Jan 2018)

Wireless field gateway devDuino client V1

This client is a devDuino V2.2 device with an AdaFruit AM2315 temperature & humidity sensor. This sensor is powered by two AAA batteries and has an on-board support for unique device identification and encryption.

In this first iteration the focus was accessing the SHA204A crypto and authentication chip, the AM2315 sensor and message payload assembly. Reducing the power consumption, improving reliability etc. will be covered in future posts.

/*
Copyright ® 2018 Jan devMobile Software, All Rights Reserved

THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.

You can do what you want with this code, acknowledgment would be nice.

http://www.devmobile.co.nz

*/
#include <RF24.h>
#include <Adafruit_AM2315.h>
#include <sha204_library.h>

// nRF24L01 ISM wireless module setup
RF24 radio(7,6);
const int nRFPayloadSize = 32 ;
char payload[nRFPayloadSize] = "";
const byte FieldGatewayAddress[5] = "Base1";
const byte FieldGatewayChannel = 10 ;
const rf24_pa_dbm_e RadioPALevel = RF24_PA_MAX;
const rf24_datarate_e RadioDataRate = RF24_250KBPS; 

// ATSHA204 secure authentication, validation with crypto and hashing (initially only used for unique serial number)
atsha204Class sha204(A2);
const int SerialNumberLength = 9 ;
uint8_t serialNumber[SerialNumberLength];

// AM2315 I2C Outdoors temperature and humdity sensor
Adafruit_AM2315 am2315;

const int LoopSleepDelay = 30000 ;

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("Setup called");

  // Retrieve the serial number then display it nicely
  sha204.getSerialNumber(serialNumber);

  Serial.print("SNo:");
  for (int i=0; i<SerialNumberLength; i++)
  {
    // Add a leading zero
    if ( serialNumber[i] < 16)
    {
      Serial.print("0");
    }
    Serial.print(serialNumber[i], HEX);
    Serial.print(" ");
  }
  Serial.println(); 

  // Configure the AM2315 temperature & humidity sensor
  Serial.println("AM2315 setup");
  am2315.begin();

  // Configure the nRF24 module
  Serial.println("nRF24 setup");
  radio.begin();
  radio.setPALevel(RadioPALevel);
  radio.setDataRate(RadioDataRate) ;
  radio.setChannel(FieldGatewayChannel);
  radio.enableDynamicPayloads();
  radio.openWritingPipe(FieldGatewayAddress);

  delay(1000);

  Serial.println("Setup done");
}

void loop()
{
  float temperature ;
  float humidity ;
  float batteryVoltage ;

  Serial.println("Loop called");
  memset( payload, 0, sizeof( payload));

  // prepare the payload header
  int payloadLength = 0 ;
  payload[0] = 1 ; // Sensor device unique ID header with CSV payload
  payloadLength += 1;

  // Copy the ATSHA204 device serial number into the payload
  payload[1] = SerialNumberLength ;
  payloadLength += 1;
  memcpy( &payload[payloadLength], serialNumber, SerialNumberLength);
  payloadLength += SerialNumberLength ;

  // Read the temperature, humidity & battery voltage values then display nicely
  am2315.readTemperatureAndHumidity(temperature, humidity);
  Serial.print("T:");
  Serial.print( temperature, 1 ) ;
  Serial.print( "C" ) ;

  Serial.print(" H:");
  Serial.print( humidity, 0 ) ;
  Serial.print( "%" ) ;

  batteryVoltage = readVcc() / 1000.0 ;
  Serial.print(" B:");
  Serial.print( batteryVoltage, 2 ) ;
  Serial.println( "V" ) ;

  // Copy the temperature into the payload
  payload[ payloadLength] = 'T';
  payloadLength += 1 ;
  dtostrf(temperature, 6, 1, &payload[payloadLength]);
  payloadLength += 6;
  payload[ payloadLength] = ',';
  payloadLength += 1 ;

  // Copy the humidity into the payload
  payload[ payloadLength] = 'H';
  payloadLength += 1 ;
  dtostrf(humidity, 4, 0, &payload[payloadLength]);
  payloadLength += 4;
  payload[ payloadLength] = ',';
  payloadLength += 1 ;

  // Copy the battery voltage into the payload
  payload[ payloadLength] = 'V';
  payloadLength += 1 ;

  dtostrf(batteryVoltage, 5, 2, &payload[payloadLength]);
  payloadLength += 5;

  // Powerup the nRF24 chipset then send the payload to base station
  Serial.print( "Payload length:");
  Serial.println( payloadLength );

  radio.powerUp();
  delay(500);

  Serial.println( "nRF24 write" ) ;
  boolean result = radio.write(payload, payloadLength);
  if (result)
    Serial.println("Write Ok...");
  else
    Serial.println("Write failed.");

 Serial.println( "nRF24 power down" ) ;
 radio.powerDown();

 delay(LoopSleepDelay);
}

Arduino monitor output

devDuinoAM2315V1Output

Prototype hardware

devDuinoAM2315V1Bill of materials (prices as at Jan 2018)

  • devDuino V2.2 USD18
  • AdaFruit AM2315 USD30
  • Grove – 5cm buckled cable USD1.90
  • Grove – Screw Terminal USD2.90
  • 10K resistors x 2

RaspberyPI UWP application diagnostic output

Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
09:39:03 Address 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE Length 9 Payload T  25.0,H  48,V 3.31 Length 20
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-T Value 25.0
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-H Value 48
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-V Value 3.31
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
09:39:33 Address 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE Length 9 Payload T  24.9,H  48,V 3.30 Length 20
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-T Value 24.9
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-H Value 48
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-V Value 3.30
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
09:40:04 Address 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE Length 9 Payload T  24.9,H  48,V 3.31 Length 20
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-T Value 24.9
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-H Value 48
 Sensor 01-23-32-66-C6-FE-0B-8D-EE-V Value 3.31
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge

Wireless field gateway protocol V1

I’m going to build a number of nRF2L01P field gateways (Netduino Ethernet & Wifi running .NetMF, Raspberry PI running Windows 10 IoT Core, RedBearLab 3200  etc.), clients which run on a variety of hardware (Arduino, devDuino, Netduino, Seeeduino etc.) which, then upload data to a selection of IoT Cloud services (AdaFruit.IO, ThingSpeak, Microsoft IoT Central etc.)

The nRF24L01P is widely supported with messages up to 32 bytes long, low power consumption and 250kbps, 1Mbps and 2Mbps data rates.

The aim is to keep the protocol simple (telemetry only initially) to implement and debug as the client side code will be utilised by high school student projects.

The first byte of the message specifies the message type

0 = Echo

The message is displayed by the field gateway as text & hexadecimal.

1 = Device identifier + Comma separated values (CSV) payload

[0] – Set to 1

[1] – Device identifier length

[2]..[2+Device identifier length] – Unique device identifier bytes e.g. Mac address

[2+Device identifier length+1 ]..[31] – CSV payload e.g.  SensorID value, SensorID value

Overtime I will support more message types and wireless protocols.

 

nRF24 Windows 10 IoT Core Background Task

First step is to build a basic Windows 10 IoT Core background task which can receive and display messages sent from a variety of devices across an nRF24L01 wireless link.

If you create a new “Windows IoT Core” “Background Application” project then copy this code into StartupTasks.cs the namespace has to be changed in the C# file, project properties\library\Default namespace and “Package.appxmanifest”\declarations\Entry Point.

/*

Copyright ® 2017 December devMobile Software, All Rights Reserved

THIS CODE AND INFORMATION IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND/OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.

http://www.devmobile.co.nz

*/
using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Text;
using Radios.RF24;
using Windows.ApplicationModel.Background;

namespace devmobile.IoTCore.nRF24BackgroundTask
{
    public sealed class StartupTask : IBackgroundTask
    {
      private const byte ChipEnablePin = 25;
      private const byte ChipSelectPin = 0;
      private const byte nRF24InterruptPin = 17;
      private const string BaseStationAddress = "Base1";
      private const byte nRF24Channel = 10;
      private RF24 Radio = new RF24();
      private BackgroundTaskDeferral deferral;

      public void Run(IBackgroundTaskInstance taskInstance)
        {
         Radio.OnDataReceived += Radio_OnDataReceived;
         Radio.OnTransmitFailed += Radio_OnTransmitFailed;
         Radio.OnTransmitSuccess += Radio_OnTransmitSuccess;

         Radio.Initialize(ChipEnablePin, ChipSelectPin, nRF24InterruptPin);
         Radio.Address = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(BaseStationAddress);
         Radio.Channel = nRF24Channel;
         Radio.PowerLevel = PowerLevel.High;
         Radio.DataRate = DataRate.DR250Kbps;
         Radio.IsEnabled = true;

         Debug.WriteLine("Address: " + Encoding.UTF8.GetString(Radio.Address));
         Debug.WriteLine("PA: " + Radio.PowerLevel);
         Debug.WriteLine("IsAutoAcknowledge: " + Radio.IsAutoAcknowledge);
         Debug.WriteLine("Channel: " + Radio.Channel);
         Debug.WriteLine("DataRate: " + Radio.DataRate);
         Debug.WriteLine("IsDynamicAcknowledge: " + Radio.IsDyanmicAcknowledge);
         Debug.WriteLine("IsDynamicPayload: " + Radio.IsDynamicPayload);
         Debug.WriteLine("IsEnabled: " + Radio.IsEnabled);
         Debug.WriteLine("Frequency: " + Radio.Frequency);
         Debug.WriteLine("IsInitialized: " + Radio.IsInitialized);
         Debug.WriteLine("IsPowered: " + Radio.IsPowered);

         deferral = taskInstance.GetDeferral();

         Debug.WriteLine("Run completed");
      }

      private void Radio_OnDataReceived(byte[] data)
      {
         // Display as Unicode
         string unicodeText = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(data);
         Debug.WriteLine("Unicode - Payload Length {0} Unicode Length {1} Unicode text {2}", data.Length, unicodeText.Length, unicodeText);

         // display as hex
         Debug.WriteLine("Hex - Length {0} Payload {1}", data.Length, BitConverter.ToString(data));
      }

      private void Radio_OnTransmitSuccess()
      {
         Debug.WriteLine("Transmit Succeeded!");
      }

      private void Radio_OnTransmitFailed()
      {
         Debug.WriteLine("Transmit Failed!");
      }
   }
}

This was displayed in the output window of Visual Studio

Address: Base1
PA: 15
IsAutoAcknowledge: True
Channel: 10
DataRate: DR250Kbps
IsDynamicAcknowledge: False
IsDynamicPayload: True
IsEnabled: True
Frequency: 2410
IsInitialized: True
IsPowered: True
Run completed

Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
Unicode – Payload Length 19 Unicode Length 19 Unicode text T  23.8,H  73,V 3.26
Hex – Length 19 Payload 54-20-32-33-2E-38-2C-48-20-20-37-33-2C-56-20-33-2E-32-36
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge

Note the odd formatting of the Temperature and humidity values which is due to the way dtostrf function in the Atmel AVR library works.

Also noticed the techfooninja nRF24 library has configurable output power level which I will try to retrofit onto the Gralin NetMF library.

Next, several simple Arduino, devDuino V2.2, Seeeduino V4.2 and Netduino 2/3 clients (plus possibly some others)

nRF24 Windows 10 IoT Core reboot

My first live deployment of the nRF24L01 Windows 10 IoT Core field gateway is now scheduled for mid Q1 2018 so time for a reboot. After digging out my Raspbery PI 2/3 devices and the nRF24L01+ shield (with modifications detailed here) I have a basic plan with some milestones.

My aim is to be able to wirelessly acquire data from several dozen Arduino, devduino, seeeduino, and Netduino devices, Then, using a field gateway on a Raspberry PI running Windows 10 IoT Core upload it to Microsoft IoT Central

First bit of code – Bleepy a simple background application to test the piezo beeper on the RPI NRF24 Shield

namespace devmobile.IoTCore.Bleepy
{
   public sealed class StartupTask : IBackgroundTask
   {
      private BackgroundTaskDeferral deferral;
      private const int ledPinNumber = 4;
      private GpioPin ledGpioPin;
      private ThreadPoolTimer timer;

      public void Run(IBackgroundTaskInstance taskInstance)
      {
         var gpioController = GpioController.GetDefault();
         if (gpioController == null)
         {
            Debug.WriteLine("GpioController.GetDefault failed");
            return;
         }

         ledGpioPin = gpioController.OpenPin(ledPinNumber);
         if (ledGpioPin == null)
         {
            Debug.WriteLine("gpioController.OpenPin failed");
            return;
         }

         ledGpioPin.SetDriveMode(GpioPinDriveMode.Output);

         this.timer = ThreadPoolTimer.CreatePeriodicTimer(Timer_Tick, TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(500));

         deferral = taskInstance.GetDeferral();

         Debug.WriteLine("Rum completed");
      }

      private void Timer_Tick(ThreadPoolTimer timer)
      {
         GpioPinValue currentPinValue = ledGpioPin.Read();

         if (currentPinValue == GpioPinValue.High)
         {
            ledGpioPin.Write(GpioPinValue.Low);
         }
         else
         {
            ledGpioPin.Write(GpioPinValue.High);
         }
      }
   }
}

Note the blob of blu tack over the piezo beeper to mute noise
nRF24ShieldMuted

nRF24 Windows 10 IoT Core Test Harness

After modifying the Raspbery PI nRF24L01 shields I built a single page single button Universal Windows Platforms(UWP) test harness (using the techfooninja RF24 library) to check everything was working as expected.

I used a couple of Netduinos and Raspbery PI devices to as test clients.

public sealed partial class MainPage : Page
{
   private const byte ChipEnablePin = 25;
   private const byte ChipSelectPin = 0;
   private const byte InterruptPin = 17;
   private const byte Channel = 10;
   private RF24 radio;

   public MainPage()
   {
      this.InitializeComponent();

      this.radio = new RF24();

      this.radio.OnDataReceived += this.Radio_OnDataReceived;
      this.radio.OnTransmitFailed += this.Radio_OnTransmitFailed;
      this.radio.OnTransmitSuccess += this.Radio_OnTransmitSuccess;

      this.radio.Initialize(ChipEnablePin, ChipSelectPin, InterruptPin);
      this.radio.Address = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("Base1");
      this.radio.Channel = Channel;
      this.radio.PowerLevel = PowerLevel.Low;
      this.radio.DataRate = DataRate.DR250Kbps;

      this.radio.IsEnabled = true;

      Debug.WriteLine("Address: " + Encoding.UTF8.GetString(this.radio.Address));
      Debug.WriteLine("Channel: " + this.radio.Channel);
      Debug.WriteLine("DataRate: " + this.radio.DataRate);
      Debug.WriteLine("PA: " + this.radio.PowerLevel);
      Debug.WriteLine("IsAutoAcknowledge: " + this.radio.IsAutoAcknowledge);
      Debug.WriteLine("IsDynamicAcknowledge: " + this.radio.IsDynamicAcknowledge);
      Debug.WriteLine("IsDynamicPayload: " + this.radio.IsDynamicPayload);
      Debug.WriteLine("IsEnabled: " + this.radio.IsEnabled);
      Debug.WriteLine("IsInitialized: " + this.radio.IsInitialized);
      Debug.WriteLine("IsPowered: " + this.radio.IsPowered);
   }

   private void Radio_OnDataReceived(byte[] data)
   {
     string dataUTF8 = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(data);

     Debug.WriteLine(string.Format("Received: {0}", dataUTF8));
   }

   private void buttonSend_Click(object sender, Windows.UI.Xaml.RoutedEventArgs e)
   {
      this.radio.SendTo(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("Duino"), Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(DateTime.UtcNow.ToString("yy-MM-dd hh:mm:ss"))) ;
   }

   private void Radio_OnTransmitSuccess()
   {
      Debug.WriteLine("Radio_OnTransmitSuccess");
   }

   private void Radio_OnTransmitFailed()
   {
      Debug.WriteLine("Radio_OnTransmitFailed");
   }
}

Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
Data Sent!
Radio_OnTransmitSuccess
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
Received: 20.4 70.7
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
Data Sent!
Radio_OnTransmitSuccess
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge
Interrupt Triggered: FallingEdge
Received: 20.3 70.8
Interrupt Triggered: RisingEdge

The Raspberry PI could reliably receive and transmit messages.