.NET nanoFramework RAK3172 Sleep

The RAKwireless RAK3172 module has “AT+SLEEP -Sleep mode command. To see how it worked I modified the BreakOutSerial application to send an AT-SLEEP command.

public static void Main()
{
#if SERIAL_THREADED_READ
	Thread readThread = new Thread(SerialPortProcessor);
#endif

	Debug.WriteLine("devMobile.IoT.LoRaWAN.nanoFramework.RAK3172 BreakoutSerial starting");

	try
	{
		// set GPIO functions for COM2 (this is UART1 on ESP32)
#if ESP32_WROOM
		Configuration.SetPinFunction(Gpio.IO17, DeviceFunction.COM2_TX);
		Configuration.SetPinFunction(Gpio.IO16, DeviceFunction.COM2_RX);
#endif

		Debug.Write("Ports:");
		foreach (string port in SerialPort.GetPortNames())
		{
			Debug.Write($" {port}");
		}
		Debug.WriteLine("");

		using (_SerialPort = new SerialPort(SerialPortId))
		{
			// set parameters
			_SerialPort.BaudRate = 115200;
			_SerialPort.Parity = Parity.None;
			_SerialPort.DataBits = 8;
			_SerialPort.StopBits = StopBits.One;
			_SerialPort.Handshake = Handshake.None;
			_SerialPort.NewLine = "\r\n";
			_SerialPort.ReadTimeout = 1000;

			//_SerialPort.WatchChar = '\n'; // May 2022 WatchChar event didn't fire github issue https://github.com/nanoframework/Home/issues/1035

#if SERIAL_ASYNC_READ
			_SerialPort.DataReceived += SerialDevice_DataReceived;
#endif

			_SerialPort.Open();

			_SerialPort.WatchChar = '\n';

			_SerialPort.ReadExisting(); // Running at 115K2 this was necessary

#if SERIAL_THREADED_READ
			readThread.Start();
#endif

			for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++)
			{
				string atCommand;
				atCommand = "AT+VER=?";
				//atCommand = "AT+SN=?"; // Empty response?
				//atCommand = "AT+HWMODEL=?";
				//atCommand = "AT+HWID=?";
				//atCommand = "AT+DEVEUI=?";
				//atCommand = "AT+APPEUI=?";
				//atCommand = "AT+APPKEY=?";
				//atCommand = "ATR";
				//atCommand = "AT+SLEEP=4000";
				Debug.WriteLine("");
				Debug.WriteLine($"{DateTime.UtcNow:hh:mm:ss} {i} TX:{atCommand} bytes:{atCommand.Length}--------------------------------");
				_SerialPort.WriteLine(atCommand);

				Thread.Sleep(5000);
			}
		}
#if SERIAL_THREADED_READ
		_Continue = false;
#endif
		Debug.WriteLine("Done");
	}
	catch (Exception ex)
	{
		Debug.WriteLine(ex.Message);
	}
}

#if SERIAL_ASYNC_READ
private static void SerialDevice_DataReceived(object sender, SerialDataReceivedEventArgs e)
{
	SerialPort serialPort = (SerialPort)sender;

	switch (e.EventType)
	{
		case SerialData.Chars:
			break;

		case SerialData.WatchChar:
			string response = serialPort.ReadExisting();
			//Debug.Write($"{DateTime.UtcNow:hh:mm:ss} RX:{response} bytes:{response.Length}");
			Debug.Write(response);
			break;
		default:
			Debug.Assert(false, $"e.EventType {e.EventType} unknown");
			break;
	}
}
#endif

I then ran the device in the debugger to see how the AT+SLEEP was handled.

BreakoutSerial application executing AT+SLEEP command

There was limited AT+SLEEP -Sleep mode documentation but it looks like the RAK3172 module sleeps, “wakes up” and then replies with “OK”.

Sparkfun Thing Plus ESP32 WROOM + RAK3172 Idle power consumption

Initially the Sleep method didn’t appear to work, the power consumption didn’t change….

private static void SendMessageTimerCallback(object state)
{
	Rak3172LoRaWanDevice device = (Rak3172LoRaWanDevice)state;

#if PAYLOAD_HEX
	Debug.WriteLine($"{DateTime.UtcNow:hh:mm:ss} port:{MessagePort} payload HEX:{PayloadHex}");
	Result result = device.Send(MessagePort, PayloadHex, SendTimeout);
#endif
#if PAYLOAD_BYTES
	Debug.WriteLine($"{DateTime.UtcNow:hh:mm:ss} port:{MessagePort} payload bytes:{Rak3172LoRaWanDevice.BytesToHex(PayloadBytes)}");
	Result result = device.Send(MessagePort, PayloadBytes, SendTimeout);
#endif
	if (result != Result.Success)
	{
		Debug.WriteLine($"Send failed {result}");
	}

#if SLEEP
	Thread.Sleep(7500); //10000 Works 5000 to short

	Debug.WriteLine($"{DateTime.UtcNow:hh:mm:ss} Sleep period:{SleepPeriod:hh:mm:ss}");
	result = device.Sleep(SleepPeriod);
	if (result != Result.Success)
	{
		Debug.WriteLine($"Sleep failed {result}");
		return;
	}
#endif
}

After some debugging and reading this helpful RAK Wireless forum post I added a short delay before sleeping the RAK3172 module and power consumption reduced.

Sparkfun Thing Plus ESP32 WROOM + RAK3172 Sleep mode power consumption

Initially the Sleep method timed out every time it was called. After some more debugging I figured out that I needed a slightly longer delay for the AutoResetEvent.Waitone as it was timing out just before the “OK” was processed.

public Result Sleep(TimeSpan period)
{
	return Sleep(period, SleepExtensionDefault);
}

public Result Sleep(TimeSpan period, TimeSpan extension)
{
#if DIAGNOSTICS
	Debug.WriteLine($" {DateTime.UtcNow:hh:mm:ss} AT+SLEEP {period.TotalMilliseconds:f0} mSec");
#endif
	Result result = SendCommand("OK", $"AT+SLEEP={period.TotalMilliseconds:f0}", period.Add(extension));
	if (result != Result.Success)
	{
#if DIAGNOSTICS
		Debug.WriteLine($" {DateTime.UtcNow:hh:mm:ss} AT+SLEEP failed {result}");
#endif
		return result;
	}

	return Result.Success;
}

I then disconnected RAK3172 module to see how much power the Sparkfun Thing Plus ESP32 WROOM was using.

The nanoFramework ESP32 support library has a LightSleep and DeepSleep functionality which significantly reduced the power consumption

Sparkfun Thing Plus ESP32 WROOM LightSleep power consumption
Sparkfun Thing Plus ESP32 WROOM DeepSleep power consumption

The Keweisi KWS-MX19 USB Tester DC 4V-30V 0-5A Current Voltage Detector is not a precision laboratory instrument but did show the power consumption of my setup could be reduced by sleeping the RAK3172 module and the Sparkfun Thing Plus ESP32 WROOM.